Centre Interculturel Franco-Chinois; Accueil, aimité, échange !

mercredi 29 février 2012

Apprendre le chinois

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ɑ
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a.jpg (10779 bytes)
The mouth cavity is narrowed;the tongue is placed   naturally in flat position close to the upper gum without
causing any obstruction; the vocal cards vibrate.
o
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In o the tongue position is similiar to that in e except that the lips are rounded.Beginners may try to to articulate o and e alternately by changing the lip-rounding.
e
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e.jpg (10059 bytes)
The mouth is half open;the tougue is placed in mid position;the lips open naturally;the vocal cords vibrate.
i
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) i.jpg (8887 bytes) The mouth cavity is narrowed;the tongue is placed naturally in a flat position close to the upper gum without causing any obstruction;the vocal cords viberate.
u
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) u.jpg (10144 bytes) To articulate this vowel the lips should be runded and protruded;the tongue is raised closed close to the upper palate,the root of the tongue is drawn near the throat;the vocal cords vibrate.
ɑi
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ei
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ɑo
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ou
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The lips are closed to cause obstruction;the vocal cords vibrate; and air in the oral cavity is compressed to pronounce with plosion.
p or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) p.jpg (10229 bytes) P is similar to b.Their position and manner of articulation are the same(the lips are closed to cause obstruction;the vocal cords do not vibrate;the obstruction is removed by plosion).They are different in that b is unaspirated,whereas p is aspirated.
m or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) m.jpg (9703 bytes) The lips are closed;the vocal cords vibrate;and air is let out through the nasal cavity.
f or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) f.jpg (10266 bytes) The upper teeth are placed on the inside edge of the lower lip to cause obstruction;the vocal cords do not vibrate;and air is exhaled from between the lower lip and teeth with friction.
d or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) d.jpg (9877 bytes) The tip of the tongue touches the upper teeth and gum to cause obstruction;the vocal cords do not vibrate;and air is compressed in the oral cavity to pronounce with plosion.
t or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) t.jpg (8747 bytes) The tip of the tongue touches the upper gum;the vocal cords do not vibrate;and air is let out with friction between the root of the tongue and the soft palate.
n or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) n.jpg (9675 bytes) The tip of the tongue touches the upper gum;the vocal cords vibrate;and air is let out through the nasal cavity.
l or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) l.jpg (10079 bytes) The tip of the tongue is raised to touch the upper gum; the vocal cords vibrate;and air is exhaled from both sides of the tongue blade.
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韵母(横)
声母(竖)
ɑ o e i u ɑi
ei
ɑo ou
b or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) bo
bi bu bɑi bei bɑo
p or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) po
pi pu pɑi pei pɑo pou
m or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) mo me mi mu mɑi mei mɑo mou
f or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) fo

fu
fei
fou
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de di du dɑi dei dɑo dou
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te ti tu tɑi tei tɑo tou
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ne ni nu nɑi nei nɑo nou
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le li lu lɑi nei nɑo nou
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or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) bā(eight) bàbɑ(father)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) dú(read)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) bāo báo bǎo bào bào(newspaper)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) māmɑ(mother)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) dǎ(knit)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) māo máo mǎo mào máoyi(sweater)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) tā(he,she,him,her,it)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) nǐ(you)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) māi mái mǎi mài mǎi(buy) mài(sell)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) yifú(clothing)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) dìdi(younger brother) dì-bā(eighth)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) pāo páo pǎo pào pǎo(to run)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) mēi méi měi mèi mèimei(younger sister)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) wǔ(five) di-wǔ(fifth)
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) yī(one) di-yī(first)
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Bàbɑ dú bào,māmɑ dá máoyi。
Papa reads a newspaper and mama knits a sweater.
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) Nǐ mài yīfu,tā mǎi yīfu。
You sell clothes and he/she buys clothes.
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) Dìdi pǎo dì-yī,Wúloú pǎo dì-wǔ,mèimei pǎo dì-bā。
(My) younger brother came in first,Wulou came in fifth and (my) younger sister came in eighth.
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or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) bābɑ (名)爸爸 father
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) māmɑ (名)妈妈 mother
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) dìdi (名)弟弟 younger brother
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) mèimei (名)妹妹 younger sister
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) bào (名)报 newspaper
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) máoyī (名)毛衣 sweater
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) yīfu (名)衣服 clothes
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) (代)你 you
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) (代)他、她 he,she
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) (动)读 to read
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) (动)打 to knit
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) mǎi (动)买 to buy
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) mài (动)卖 to sell
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) pǎo (动)跑 to run
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) di(-yī) (前缀)第(一) perfix used to indicate an ordinal number
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) (数)一 one
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) (数)五 five
or_pin.gif (1016 bytes) (数)八 eight
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